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CS Introduction to Computers

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CAE Simulation & Test . 1 Other Date to make a device more compelling; for others, it's integrating a CPU and discretes onto a chip to reduce bill-of-material. It's a feature that's included in 7th-generation Core chips and above, implying that an attacker with full execution control over the platform can. post-route correlation. The Innovus system includes full-flow multi-objective technology, which makes concurrent electrical and physical optimization possible .

An operating system allocates system resources so that programs can run efficiently. Multitasking Multitasking - A service provided by an operating system that allows two or more programs to be run at the same time. A graphical user interface is a type of user interface that feature on-screen objects such as menus and icons that may be manipulated using a mouse.

They are based on the philosophy that people can use computers intuitively, i. GUIs often display menus and prompts the latter may be in the form of dialog boxes and wizards in addition to graphical objects, because graphical user interface designers found it difficult to design icons and tools for all possible tasks. Typically, all of the commands for a software program will be listed in the menus. The commands that tend to be used most frequently might also be represented by graphical objects that provide a quick shortcut for carrying out a task e.

Icon Graphical representation of an object such as a disk, printer or program. Document production software Computer programs that assist the user in composing, editing, designing, printing or electronically publishing documents.

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Other features typically provided include: Document Template A preformatted document into which the user types text. In a document template, format settings such as margins, line spacing, heading fonts or styles, type size and page layout have typically been set up for you. A template document may also contain labels, boilerplate text or instructions.

In document production terminology, sections of your document are sometimes referred to as Text Blocks. The open areas between these text blocks are known as white space and represent an effective tool for improving readability of a document.

Tables A structure, enabling the arrangement of text, data or pictures into a grid of rows and columns. In addition to serving a purpose for formatting certain information, they are also useful in building page layout structure whether it is a Word document or HTML page. A special class of application software, known as a web browser, then interprets those tags and renders the page with its text, graphics and links appropriately.

Spreadsheet A numerical model or representation of a real situation, presented in the form of a table. A spreadsheet works well for recording and graphing data, for making calculations, and for constructing numerical models of the real world. The main advantage of spreadsheet software is the time it saves — once you create a worksheet, you can change your data without redoing your calculations.

In addition, worksheet data is stored in electronic format, so it can be merged with word processing documents, posted on the Internet, or transmitted as part of an e-mail message.

File Management software Software, such as Windows Explorer, that helps users locate, rename, move, copy, and delete files and folder. A directory contains information about every file on the storage device, including the filename, the filename extension, the date and time it was created, and the file size.

The terms directory and folder are often used synonymously. The main directory, or folder level, of a disk is referred to as the root directory. Any given directory, or folder, is often divided into other sub-folders or sub-directories for organizational purposes. When viewing a folder, at any level, you can see and manage the files and sub-directories that it contains. A file specification is sometimes referred to as a file path.

Executable File Executable - A file, usually with an. These types of files include operating system, utility and application software programs.

Motherboard The main circuit board in the computer that houses the chips that control the processing functions.

Chips may be soldered on the motherboard or plugged into the board. Chips, or cards, that are plugged into the motherboard may be upgraded.

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Circuits are etched into the motherboard and act like wires, providing a path so the computer can transport data from one chip to another as needed for processing. Expansion Slots The motherboard also contains expansion sockets or slots that allow you to plug in circuit boards, called expansion cards. A computer usually contains sets of different types of slots.

Expansion Card A circuit board that is plugged into a slot on a PC motherboard in order to add extra functions, devices, or ports. For example, a video, sound or network interface card. Any given card is manufactured to fit in a specific type of expansion slot. Expansion Port A socket, located on an expansion card, into which the user plugs a cable from a peripheral device, allowing data to pass between the computer and the peripheral device.


Expansion Bus The segment of the data bus that transports data between RAM and the peripheral devices. A bit is the smallest unit of information handled by a computer. By the above definition then a bit can hold one of two values, either a 0 or a 1. Eight bits comprise a byte which, by use of coding mechanisms, can represent a letter or number. ASCII is the coding system used to represent characters, while the Binary number system is a method for representing numbers using only two digits.

Every device must have one in order to connect to a network. It is sometimes built into a device; otherwise an NIC expansion card is required. When you physically connect your computer to a network, typically using a cable, your computer becomes a workstation on the network. In addition, you also have access to network resources, which typically include application software, storage space for data files, and printers other than the one connected to your local computer.

Sharing programs on a network is effective for several reasons. First, less disk storage space is required because the program is stored only once on the server, instead of being stored on the hard disks of multiple stand-alone computers assuming multiple people use the program.

Second, when a new version of the software is released, it is easier to update one copy of the program on the server than to update many copies stored on stand-alone computers. Third, purchasing a software license for a network can be less expensive than purchasing single-user licenses for each workstation on the network.

It then works just as if you had run the program locally. Sharing data files on a network is effective because if you store a file on your local hard disk, you can typically only access the file from your workstation. However, if you store the file on the hard disk of a server, you can access the file from any workstation on the network. Other network users can also access the files that you have stored on the server, but most networks provide you with the option of restricting access to files as necessary.

In Europe, the release date was announced as March 25,though Nintendo said that pricing would be up to retailers. February 5 and 6 saw simultaneous events in London and Manchesterwhile the 12th and 13th saw events in Glasgow and Bristol. Invitations to the events were offered first to Club Nintendo members, then later to members of the public via an online registration form.

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Attendees were then allowed into a second room, containing further games to play mainly augmented reality -based and in-device videos. On March 25,the system launched in Europe, with pricing set by individual retailers.

The system originally launched in all regions in both Aqua Blue and Cosmo Black color variations. Although in Europe, pricing is up to retailers, the system also received a substantial price cut. Balloon FightDonkey Kong Jr. The Adventure of Link. Maximum VelocityFire Emblem: Super CircuitMario vs.

post layout full chip simulation dating

Yoshi's IslandThe Legend of Zelda: However, Nintendo responded that these rumors were false and that the article was "entire speculation", but refrained from further commenting on the subject. The Switch is primarily marketed as a home video game console, but features a Console unit that can be taken on-the-go and be used similar to a mobile gaming device or a handheld system. While the Switch has displaced the Wii U as Nintendo's primary home console in terms of production and distribution, [68] Nintendo executives have affirmed that the company will continue to support the 3DS through more first-party and third-party titles in the immediate future.

The following explicitly refers to the original Nintendo 3DS model. One processor core is dedicated to games and applications, while the other core is exclusive to the operating systemenabling multitasking and background tasks.

These tasks are handled seamlessly in the background during gameplay or while the system is in sleep mode. The console also contains a dedicated hardware audio DSP module capable of outputting monostereo or pseudo- surround sound through either its two speakers or headphone jack. The Nintendo 3DS contains two separate screens. The top screen is a It is autostereoscopic ; it uses a parallax barrier to produce a three-dimensional effect without requiring special glasses.

There is a 3D Depth Slider next to the screen for adjusting the 3D effect or turning it off altogether. The bottom screen is a 4: There is also a microphone in the bottom of the system.